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Archaeology may be the study of dead things, but it’s far from a dying field. Advances in technology are helping archaeologists better discover and identify ancient sites, and can even provide ways to see through the ground without digging! Here’s just 5 of the new technologies that are helping archaeologists change the world:
Aerial photography used to be prohibitively expensive. If you couldn’t afford a proper helicopter and cameraman, an archaeologist had to resort to kites, helium balloons, model planes – or even balancing a ladder on top of a Land Rover. Now, unmanned aerial vehicles are more affordable and accessible than ever. You can find lots of drones under 500 dollars at yourdroneshq.com.
Drones aren’t just an easy way to get overhead shots of a site. They can be used to take photographs in low light and bad weather conditions. But perhaps their most exciting application is that they can mimic LIDAR and construct 3D models of what degraded ruins might have looked like using some pretty standard software packages. Soon LIDAR will probably be mounted directly onto the UAV! Drones are becoming a must-have for any serious archaeologist, so don’t miss out on affordable beginner and professional options.
2. Google Earth
Satellite imagery – of which Google Earth is obviously the most readily available – makes it possible to zoom into remote areas of the world from the comfort of your home office. Google makes it easy to spot enclosures or settlement mounds which can help draw attention to archaeological finds. No more waiting for expensive aerial photographs to develop – Google Earth is ubiquitous, free, and easy to use.
3. Ground penetrating radar
Ground penetrating radar has an understandably mixed reputation in the archaeological community. In the 1980s it was advertised as the answer to all our problems. The idea is fairly simple: use radar pulses to image the ground, allowing you to identify historical artifacts or ruins without even having to dig. But the technology is infamous for turning up false positives – that is, until more modern software made visualization much more reliable. Some folks still don’t trust the technology and prefer using drone imaging or LIDAR, but ground penetrating radar has the advantage of working through hard surfaces and in confined spaces, making it essential tech even in the 21st century.
LIDAR (short for Light Detection And Ranging) delivered on the promise of ground penetrating radar by using laser beams and an inertia measurement system to produce detailed 3D maps of the Earth’s surface. The cost of LIDAR – which has to be used from an airplane – makes it much less accessible than drone technology, but it’s arguably the best way to identify surface traces that may indicate something buried beneath the dirt. LIDAR can also see through vegetation, which was a problem with the previous hachure method.
5. Shallow geophysics
There are a number of geophysical techniques which, like low-tech LIDAR, can help locate potential dig sites. Magnetic surveys can be used to detect the traces of bacteria in the soil and help find dig sites hidden under the ground, and has proven especially useful in Egypt. Soil resistivity uncovers differences in soil moisture 1.5 meters in depth. These methods are typically slow and not useful in every situation, but they’re still an important technological tool in an archaeologist’s arsenal.
All of these technological tools are very useful and not to be overlooked, from the essential use of drones to the high-tech promise of LIDAR. For more essential information on all things research, be sure to subscribe to our newsletter!
About Morris Graves:
Morris Graves was a well-known modern American painter and also a member of Northwest School of Visionary Art. Graves was born in Oregon in 1910. Morris Graves family moved to Seattle when he was two-years-old. Morris graves arts reflect his spiritual bond with the culture of Pacific Northwest. He served in the merchant navy at the age of seventeen, which eventually lead him to Asia, where he had the ability to experience various forms of arts.
Graves’ Art Form:
Morris graves started formal training in art in Beaumont, Texas. He began full-time painting after returning to Seattle. He also received regional recognition in the annual art exhibition help in the modern art museum. Before settling in Ireland in 1954, he traveled a lot through Europe and Asia.
Graves’ craft does not fit effortlessly into acknowledged categories. His style was influenced by both territorial and worldwide impacts. In the wake of being named a surrealist at a very early stage in his career, Graves immediately surrendered most stylist related with surrealism. He stayed focused on the surrealist philosophy that arts must uncover the artist’s intuitive and serve as a gateway to the unknown art world.
Morris Graves paintings of the wounded bird and extraordinarily brilliant radiant flowers combined the soul of American Transcendentalism with Asian logic. Morris Graves passed on 2001in his home in Loleta, Calif. He was 90 when he died.
Morris Graves thought the mechanical catastrophe of industry and technology, the planes that flew over his roof and cars in his street was a noteworthy hindrance to his journey.
Some of the major institutions that have the work of Graves as permanent collections are,
- Albright-Knox Art Gallery (Buffalo, NY)
- Art Gallery of Ontario, Museé des Beaux-Arts de l’Ontario (Toronto, Canada)
- Art Institute of (Chicago, IL)
- Baltimore Museum of Art (Baltimore, MD)
- Brooklyn Museum (Brooklyn, NY); Carnegie Museum of Art (Pittsburgh, PA)
- Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH)
- Dallas Museum of Art (Dallas, TX)
- Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, MI)
- High Museum of Art (Atlanta, GA)
- Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Smithsonian Institution (Washington, DC);
Animals possess large amounts of his compositions and birds show up with extraordinary recurrence. They are more metaphorically represented rather than just illustrations. Avoiding contact with contemporary modern life, Graves in the 1960s painted reflections in light of the noise of the machine age with a level of understanding possible only to Graves himself.
Archaeology is not only a magical gateway to past but also has an important role in the society. Despite archaeology being crucial to research history more clearly, it also has a great deal of economic value and community. Archaeology has the ability to offer new information on human history. Let’s discuss some archaeological discoveries that will blow your mind.
Headless Vikings of Dorset:
The Archaeologists made a great discovery in the seaside town of Weymouth in England in June 2009. They discovered a grave that was holding back the skeletons of 50 Viking warriors, but their heads were missing. The archaeologists at first concluded that some villagers managed to survive the attack and beheaded the Viking warriors. But they later discovered that the beheading cuts on the skeletons are perfect and appeared to be done by specialized warriors or beheading experts.
A jar was discovered in Baghdad, Iraq which was 2,200 years old. The Clay jar is said to be the oldest known electric battery. The jar is composed of clay with a top made of asphalt. Brazing through the asphalt, an iron rod is present, which is surrounded by a copper cylinder. The Jar produces 1.1volts of electricity when filled with vinegar or other electrolyte solution.
Voynich Manuscript was written in Central Europe toward the end of the fifteenth or sixteenth century. The origin, dialect, and time period of the Voynich Manuscript are yet being debated as overwhelmingly as its riddling illustrations and un-deciphered content. The Voynich Manuscript got its name from American antique bookseller, Wilfrid M.Voynich.
Mount Owen Moa:
While exploring Mount Owen Moa in 1986, the archaeologists discovered a huge scary-looking claw. It was conserved well at the time of discovery. It was later determined that it belonged to an upland moa. An upland moa is a pre-historic bird.
Archaeologists discovered 887 statues called Moai, in the Rapa Nui or Easter islands. It is the most isolated place in the world. The Easter Island heads are known as Moai by the Rapa Nui individuals who cut the figures in the tropical South Pacific to the west of Chile. The Moai stone monuments, cut from stone found on the island, are in the vicinity of 1,100 and 1,500 CE.
Troy is a renowned historical city. It is situated in Anatolia now called as Turkey. English archaeologist Frank Calvert discovered a field of a local farmer in 1868. The field was later found to be the battling field of the troy warriors.